Reflections on the Israeli Holidays
Yom Hashoah, Holocaust Remembrance Day, was set in the calendar by the State of Israel on the 27th day of Nisan each year. This day was not arbitrarily set; the 14th day of Nisan was the start of the Warsaw ghetto uprising. Hopeless as it was for the weakened inmates to make any significant stand against the Nazis, this group displayed heroism and their uprising demonstrated that the spirit of the Jews had not been totally crushed. It was a gesture of resistance, of defiance, of human dignity and perseverance which was greatly symbolic. The State of Israel dedicated Yom Hashoah in 1953 and called it Yom Hazikaron LaShoah VeLagvura, Remembrance Day for the Holocaust and for Strength. Although the actual start of the uprising was two weeks earlier, the 14th of Nisan was not very practical for the commemoration since it is erev Pesach.